Chapter 4: The Problems Associated with Using Punishment

In this class, I found that there is much controversy over the matter of whether or not to use punishment to discipline children.  I believe I use spanking as a form of punishment mostly because that was how I was raised.  However, there are many researches that show that there are problems associated with using punishment to discipline children.  Some of the long-term consequences of using punishment are: increased aggressiveness, low self-esteem, delinquency, and antisocial behavior.  Punishment is a very common practice that works in short-term, but has many long-term disadvantages. There are many age-appropriate disciplining techniques that parents can use as an alternative to punishment.

According to the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services (n.d.), the following are effective ways to discipline children:

 Effective Discipline:

  • Teaches your children what to do, not just what not to do
  • Teaches your children how to problem-solve to get their needs met
  • Teaches your children how to interact appropriately with adults and others
  • Promotes growth in the five areas of development (physical, intellectual, social, emotional and moral)
  • Enhances self concept
  • Helps your children internalize all of the above and allows them to become self disciplined

Image source: http://www.dshs.wa.gov/ca/fosterparents/training/discpun/dp04.htm

Link to scholarly article that best represents the concept of the problems associated with using punishment

I chose this article because it best illustrates the topics of using punishment.  It is an overview of the negative effects of corporal punishment.  The negative effects of corporal punishment include; increased aggressiveness, low self-esteem, delinquency, and antisocial behavior.  It also has information about current U.S. laws regarding the use of corporal punishment.

Is There a Right Way to Discipline a Child?

Link to Scholarly Article

 Image source: http://img.ehowcdn.com/article-new/ehow/images/a08/at/3d/negative-effects-corporal-punishment-800×800.jpg

Link to video clip that explains the problems associated with using punishment

Here is a link of video clips that helps us understand the behaviors in children and how to discipline not punish them.

Two Internet sites

This article summarizes the effects of punishment on children.  Disciplining children is almost always preferable than using punishment because of then negative outcomes that punishment bring to children.

http://www.kidsdevelopment.co.uk/EffectsOfPunishmentOnChildren.html

This article in Dr. Phil’s parenting blog best describes how to use age-appropriate discipline techniques.  It is broken down from birth to 18 months, 18 months to 3 years, 4years to 12 years, and 13 years to 16 years.  It explains how effective and ineffective discipline works.

 http://www.drphil.com/articles/article/249

Quote

Stanley Greenspan (n.d.) spoke of punishment: “Good discipline is more than just punishing or laying down the law. It is liking children and letting them see that they are liked. It is caring enough about them to provide good, clear rules for their protection.”

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